Agriculture in Bangladesh:

Fishing and Forestry in Bangladesh:


Agriculture in Bangladesh consists mostly of subsistence farming on small farms. Per-capita output tends to be low. Rice, of which two or three crops can be grown each year, is the leading food crop in all areas and accounts for most of the cultivated area. Some 38 million metric tons were harvested in 2003, placing Bangladesh among the world’s leading producers of rice. High-yielding varieties of rice are cultivated as part of a government initiative to increase the country’s self-sufficiency in food grains. Other cereal crops, notably wheat, have grown in importance since the 1980s, and the area of land under wheat cultivation continues to increase. Pulses, an important source of protein in most Bangladeshi diets, are also cultivated. Other crops include various oilseeds (mainly for cooking oil), potatoes, sweet potatoes, sugarcane, bananas, mangoes, and pineapples.

The principal cash, or export, crop is jute (a plant used to make burlap and twine), grown throughout the annually flooded portions of the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta; the amount of jute harvested in 2003 was about 801,000 metric tons. Tea, also a valuable cash crop, is grown almost exclusively in the northeast, around Sylhet. Cattle and buffalo are numerous, raised for dung (a source of fuel), hides (for leather), and meat.


About Agriculturists in Bangladesh:

Agriculturists from Bangladesh are usually those who has graduated in Agricultural science from Bangladesh Agricultural University or various other science and technology universities/institutes. It is usually a 4 years graduate course and after that a 18 or 24 months MS program with thesis is associated with that course. There are several institutes offer BSc Ag degree. The main university is BAU located in Mymensingh district. There are 6 faculties currently associated in BAU and 2 national research institutes as Institute of Nuclear Agriculture (BINA) and Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute (BFRI). The University is mandated to tone up the quality and standard of higher agriculture education and to produce first rate agriculturists, agricultural scientists and technologists for shouldering the responsibilities of agricultural development of the country.

Aquatic animals provide a major source of animal protein in the Bangladeshi diet. Hilsa (a kind of herring) and prawns are among the principal commercial species. The amount of fish caught in 2001 was 1.7 million metric tons, mostly consisting of freshwater varieties. Most freshwater fish are raised in farm ponds throughout the country. The leading commercial types of trees are wild sundari, gewa, and teak. Bamboo is also an important forest product.

Natural gas production is the primary mining activity in Bangladesh. Extensive development began in the 1990s after vast reserves were discovered both onshore and offshore in the Bay of Bengal. Apart from natural gas production, mining and quarrying are of negligible importance in Bangladesh.


About Bangladesh:

Official name: People’s Republic of Bangladesh

Republic in South Central Asia, formerly part of India and then, from 1947 to 1971, Pakistan. It became an Independent nation following a Liberation War in 1971.

Language: Bangla
Currency: Taka
Capital: Dhaka
Population: 153,546,901 (July 2008 est.)  Source:
The World Factbook
Area: 147,570 sq km/56,977 sq mi


About BAU:

1. Established: 18 August 1961
2. Location: 3 Km South of Mymensingh City & 120 Km North of Nation's Capital City, Dhaka
3. Area: 485 Hectares
4. No of Major Academic Disciplines (Faculties): 6
- Faculty of Veterinary Science: Departments - 8
- Faculty of Agriculture: Departments - 16
- Faculty of Animal Husbandry: Departments - 5
- Faculty of Agricultural Economics & Rural Sociology : Departments - 5
- Faculty of Agricultural Engineering & Technology: Departments - 5
- Faculty of Fisheries : Departments - 4
5. Current Students Enrolment: 4296 (Male-3329, Female-967)
6. No. of Teachers: 522 (Male-476, Female-46)
7. No. of Student Dormitories: 11 (Male-9, Female-2)
8. No. of Experimental Farms: 10
9. Central Library Collections: Books - 189853; Periodicals - 2083 titles; Current Journals - 152




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